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Soccer Kick Biomechanics

It is interesting to see the number of studies that have been done on soccer kick biomechanics. There are literally dozens of studies by various professors and university students relating to this diverse topic.

One in particular that we found to be excellent was titled "Biomechanical characteristics and determinants of instep soccer kick"

It was written by:

Eleftherios Kellis and Athanasios Katis
Laboratory of Neuromuscular Control and Therapeutic Exercise, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece


The game of soccer is one of the most popular team sports worldwide. Soccer kick is the main offensive action during the game and the team with more kicks on target has better chances to score and win a game. For this reason, improvement of soccer instep kick technique is one of the most important aims of training programs in young players.

Success of an instep soccer kick depends on various factors including the distance of the kick from the goal, the type of kick used, the air resistance and the technique of the main kick which is best described using bio mechanical analysis.

Previous reviews have examined biomechanics of soccer movements in-detail (Lees, 1996; Lees and Nolan, 1998). However, it becomes apparent that more research studies into biomechanics of soccer kick have been published within the last decade. Therefore, new aspects of soccer kick performance are being identified, including more details regarding the three dimensional kinematics of the movement, joint-moments that drive the movement, mechanisms of soccer performance as well as various factors which affect soccer kick biomechanics such as age, gender, limb dominance and fatigue.

The aim of the present study was to examine recent findings on soccer kicking biomechanics and to identify new aspects that may be decisive for soccer kick

Research articles were obtained by searching the Medline, Sport Discus and Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) catalogues. The keywords used were combinations of “soccer”, “football”, “biomechanics”, “kinematics”, “kinetics”, “technique”, “kick” and “performance”.

Articles were accepted when adequate information regarding the methodology and statistical findings were included.

For the full report, click here.

If you aren't a scientist and just want to get a basic understanding of how the soccer kick work, then you'll want to check out the Blast the Ball DVD. This DVD teaches the perfect technique for performing a soccer kick as well as the science behind ball movement.